Apr 5, 2024

City of Ruins Hampi

Hampi is one of the UNESCO Global Heritage Sites located in Vijayanagar district, Karnataka, and is a good feast for heritage lovers. The best time to visit is from October to March, and I suggest avoiding the summer season because of the hot weather. 

Hampi was the capital city of Vijayanagar, Empier, from 1336 to 1565, as per the chronicles of Persian and European travelers, particularly the Portuguese. It was a flourishing grand city near the Tungabhadra River and the world's second-largest city after Beijing when a coalition of Muslim sultanates defeated the Vijayanagar Empire. After that, Hampi remained in ruins.

The top place to visit Hampi.

Hambi has more than 75 sports to visit; the better option is to take one rental bike; it will be worth it, and the auto option is also available, but for major sports only. Don't miss the Matanga Hills sunrise below; I mentioned a few sports.

  1. Virupaksha Temple
  2. Vijaya Vittala Temple
  3. Lotus Mahal
  4. Yantrodharaka Hanuman Temple
  5. Hampi Bazaar
  6. Hippie Island
  7. Queen's Bath
  8. Matanga Hill
  9. Elephant Stables
  10. Monolithic Bull
  11. Badavilinga Temple
  12. Zanana Enclosure
  13. Lakshmi Narasimha Temple
  14. Underground Temple-Prasanna Virupaksha Temple
  15. Krishna Temple
  16. Kadalekalu Ganesha
  17. Stepped Tank
  18. Tungabhadra River
  19. Pushkarani
  20. Royal Enclosure

Feb 13, 2024

Giant prehistoric structure 970 meters long discovered underwater in the Baltic Sea

Geologists have discovered a 970-metre-long (970-metre-long) gigantic structure made of stones arranged in a straight line on the ocean floor at a depth of 21 meters in Mecklenburg Bay in the Baltic Sea. 

This massive structure is made up of around 1,500 stones and large boulders and was built around 11,000 years ago during the Early Mesolithic period.  

According to a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), this massive structure was created by Stone Age hunter-gatherers, who drove herds of  Eurasian reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) that migrated seasonally across sparsely vegetated post-glacial landscapes. It is said that it was built for hunting. 

Similar structures, so-called driveways, are used to manipulate the  direction of movement of animals, making it easier to trap animals  in small areas and kill them. In the  Mecklenburg Bay example, this bottleneck is located between the adjacent lakeshore and  wall, or even within the lake.  Marcel Bradmeler from the University of Rostock said: ``If natural processes and  modern origins are excluded, this stone wall could only have been built after the end of the last ice age, when the landscape had not yet been flooded by the Baltic Sea.'' ” he said. 

"At this time, the total population of all of Northern Europe was probably less than 5,000 people. One of their main food sources was reindeer herds that moved seasonally through a sparsely vegetated post-glacial landscape. ” Bradmeler added. 

Image Credit : MichaƂ Grabowski

According to the researchers, this discovery is of great scientific importance as it not only represents the oldest known human structure  in the Baltic Sea, but also provides new insights into the habits of early hunter-gatherer societies. It is said that 

Further investigation of the stone walls and  seabed will include the use of sidescan sonar, sediment sonar, and multibeam sonar. Additionally, underwater archaeologists from the University of Rostock and archaeologists from  LAKD M-V will explore the stone wall and its surroundings in search of archaeological remains that may contribute to a deeper understanding of the significance of this structure.